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The History Of Rajasthan
History Of Rajasthan


History Of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is located in the North Western region of India which holds many historic wars were fought in this land. The ancient Mauryan Empire dates from the 321-184 BC were the part of part Rajasthani ancient history. The down fall of Gupta Empire with instability with several powers the Rajput dynasties were emerged as the Kings and of the Rajput have vast histories and have taken part in the wars fought. The name Rajputana was derived from the Muslim invasion of India. The Sisodias Race from Gujarat, migrated to Rajasthan during the 7th century and empowered over Mewar and conquered the places including Udaipur and Chittorgarh.

Another race was the Kachhwa which was originally from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh. They made huge fortress at Amber, which was the later capital of Rajasthan. The Rathores who were the descendents from Kanauj, Uttar Pradesh who were initially settled in Pali, later moved to Mandore in 1381. They ruled over Marwar for a period of time. The Mohammed of Ghori was killed in 1206, and his successor, Qutb-ud-din, became the first of the Sultans of Delhi. The Ganges basin came under the control of Ala-ud-din Khilji and evaded the Muslim to pass through the south borders to Gujarat. Ala-ud-din constructed a massive fort at Ranthambhore, Sawai Madhapur ruled by the Rajput chief Hammir Deva. Later Alu-ud-din went on to build another fortress at Chittorgarh in 1303.

Udaipur Jaisalmer

At the beginning of 16th century the Delhi sultanate was weakened and Rajputs took advantage to expand the territories. Later the Rajputs were not able to withstand the threat posed by the Mughal emperors, Akbar. In the early 19th century London trading company called East India Company started a trade business in India. India was under the control of British and the powers were taken by the British Government. At first the British adopted a neutrality policy towards the British with the protection and support of Rajputs. The British residents gradually invaded the princely states and ultimately eliminated with Rajputs and reduced their powers and positions.

The emergence of Rajasthan state was defined in 1948. Rajasthan, the south-eastern of India merged with Mewar, Udaipur to become the capital Rajasthan. The kingdoms of Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Jaipur were immerged in 1949. Jaipur became the capital of Rajasthan and Heera Lal Shastri became the first premier of Rajasthan. Rajasthan also became the prime tourist destinations in India. The Lake Palace Hotel in Udaipur, Rambagh Palace in Jaipur and Umaid Bhawan Palace in Jodhpur became the most famous in this state. The family and traditions of Rajasthan along with tourism with makes this state with a wonderful state.

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